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The Solomon R. Guggenheim Museum, New York
         Photo: David Heald © The Solomon R. Guggenheim Foundation, New York
                                                              He also thought that a building should function like a
                                                              cohesive organism, where each part of the design relates to
                                                              the whole. Wright’s organic architecture often incorporates
                                                              natural elements such as light, plants, and water into his
         I’D LIKE TO HAVE A FREE ARCHITECTURE. I’D LIKE TO    designs. His color choices reflected the environment as well
         HAVE ARCHITECTURE THAT BELONGED WHERE YOU SEE        with yellows, oranges, and browns. His favorite accent color
         IT STANDING, AND WAS A GRACE TO THE LANDSCAPE        was red, which has importance both in nature and in the
         INSTEAD OF A DISGRACE.                               Japanese culture, which he studied and visited and admired.
                                           Frank Lloyd Wright  Through years of study and experimentation, organic
                                                              architecture came to describe Wright’s total design ideology.
                                                              Some of the governing principles of this philosophy included:
                                                              • The belief that a building should appear to grow easily
         Although the word “organic” usually refers to something   from its site
         that bears the characteristics of plants or animals, for Frank   • Choosing one dominant form for a building and
         Lloyd Wright the term organic architecture had a separate   integrating that form throughout
         meaning. For him organic architecture was an interpretation   • Using natural colors: “Go into the woods and field for
         of nature’s principles manifested in buildings that were   color schemes”
         in harmony with the world around them. Wright held that   • Revealing the nature of materials
         a building should be a product of its place and its time,   • Opening up spaces
         intimately connected to a particular moment and site - never   • Providing a place for natural foliage.
         the result of an imposed style.                      Wright also embraced new materials, machinery, and
                                                              technologies. Far from seeing them in opposition to nature,
         Wright was interested in the relationship between buildings   he saw them as allies.
         and their surrounding environments. He believed that a   Depending upon each other for their integrity, nature would
         building should complement its environment so as to create   inform and machinery execute a totally new architecture
         a single, unified space that appears to “grow naturally” out of   - one where the machine’s capacities transformed natural
         the ground.                                          principles into architectural forms.

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